NHL CBA Musings

by | Jul 16, 2017 | Soapbox | 9 comments

NHL commissioner Gary Bettman and NHLPA executive director Donald Fehr.

Concerns over a potentially deteriorating relationship between the NHL and the NHL Players Association could lead to another lockout, perhaps as early as September 2020.

The league and the PA each have the choice to opt out of the current collective bargaining agreement in September 2019. Should either side go that route, this CBA will expire on Sept. 15, 2020.

According to The Hockey News’ Ken Campbell, the players aren’t pleased over the league’s decision against participating in the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. They believe that view hurt efforts to grow the game globally and improve league revenue. The PA is also unhappy over the marketing of last fall’s World Cup of Hockey.

Those aren’t the only issue upsetting the players. Sportsnet’s Elliotte Friedman said escrow is also a big concern. Last season opened with the players having over 15 percent of their salaries held back in escrow payments by the league.

Depending on league revenue at the end of each season, the players can get all or part of that escrow money back with interest. However, in 2014-15, they had 15 percent clawed back but received back just over two percent at season’s end

TSN’s Travis Yost notes the recent rise of star players re-signing new contracts heavy with signing bonuses. While it doesn’t affect their annual average value against the salary cap, the players receive a big chunk of their actual salaries each July in the form of a signing bonus.

As Yost observers, those bonuses can be considered lockout protection for those players, ensuring they still get their full salary as a guaranteed payment in a lockout season. He also points out the heaviest season for many of those bonuses in 2020-21, the earliest in which a work stoppage could occur.

These bonuses, by the way, are being paid to the players with the blessing of their respective team owners, the very group they’ll be clashing if there’s a labor dispute in 2020. Because of these guaranteed signing bonuses, Yost says the owners will have to pay out 25 percent of salaries owed for 2020-21, blunting one form of leverage over the players in a lockout scenario.

In keeping with the time-honored tradition of saving the team owners from themselves, expect the league – with the support of the most hawkish owners – to close that loophole in the next round of collective bargaining.

Speaking of the league and the owners, there’s little indication thus far as to what grievances they have with the current CBA. That’s because league commissioner Gary Bettman does a superb job riding herd over the owners. None dare speak out regarding CBA manners without the blessing of the commish.

Judging by Bettman’s statements earlier this year, contentment reigns on the league side over the current CBA. The only news of note, of course, was his statement claiming the owners are firmly against participating in Pyeongchang, though they’re very interested in taking part in the 2022 Beijing Winter Games to grow the game in China. 

If, however, Bettman or some team owners start grunbling over the current CBA in the next two years, that could signal the league’s willingness to opt out in September before the players do.

Perhaps the Beijing Games is a good reason for either side to end the current agreement early. It would give them a year to hammer out a new CBA without the labor talks becoming an unnecessary distraction hanging over their participation in the 2022 Winter Olympics.

Friedman also points out the NHL’s US television agreement expires in four years time. That could also potentially affect the timetable for the next round of collective bargaining. Then again, the league has no problem hurting NBC Sports’ Olympic ratings in 2018 by backing out of Pyeongchang, so maybe that TV agreement won’t have as much bearing on labor talks as some might believe.

Of course, it remains to be seen if the NHL and NHLPA actually trigger the early out in September 2019. As they did during the last two CBAs, they could both agree to just let the current one run its course and attempt to negotiate a new one in the summer of 2022.

If recent reports are any indication, the players will likely take the early opt-out. If that happens, the two sides might negotiate throughout the 2019-20 season to get a new deal in place. But if the league’s labor history is anything to go by, those discussions (if they happen at all) will be cursory at best.

Most likely, the serious talks won’t take place until mid-summer following the draft and the opening week of the free-agent market. As it always does, the league will probably fire the first salvo by tabling an unpalatable opening offer to the PA, who will make a counter-proposal that will be anathema to the owners. They’ll do their long, painful negotiation dance leading to yet another postponement of the start of another season. Talks, with occasional bursts of optimism and mudslinging, will drag on into January, when they’ll hit the make-or-break point to work out a season-saving deal.

It doesn’t have to be like that. Perhaps the biggest stars among the NHLPA membership will push for a reasonably quick resolution to avoid yet another lockout. Maybe some moderate team owners will attempt to blunt the hardliners within their ranks by reaching out to the players in hopes of swiftly finding common ground than in the previous labor disputes.

The hardliners on both sides, however, could still rule the day, secure in the knowledge that, no matter how long the work stoppage, the fans will always return. As long as that well of fan devotion remains deep, they can do whatever they want and take as long as they want. The season-killing lockout of 2004-05 proved that.

But loyalty only lasts so long, especially if the fans finally start feeling the league and the players are taking them for granted. It took two decades for Major League Baseball to reach that epiphany in 1995. Maybe, just maybe, the NHL could face the same moment of truth in the next round of CBA negotiations.



  1. Neither side will opt out early.

    The next lock out may take out an entire season.

    The owners position is simple. They need a formula to make almost every team profitable.

    Escrow isn’t going away. It’s the mechanism to make sure the players don’t get more than 50% of HRR.

    The owners will get what they want when the dust settles having to give up something in return. Better revenue sharing, UFA status earlier, a better & more encompassing HRR formula.

    2014-15 was the year the NHL took it’s 1st hit on HRR due to the decline of the Canadian dollar.

  2. some issues needing worked out are the unfair rookie status coming from different development leagues. The CHL agreement needs modified so players can play in the AHL if good enough to. The system needs to get young players to FA quicker like the college system… its unfair that they can do that but the CHL players can’t… fix that so CHL players get to FA too… I would eliminate rounds 5-7 of the draft and make all young players fa after the age of 20. if they arn’t drafted and signed by then then players can shop themselves to the team that best fits their skills. They would still be subject to the ELC rules so money wouldnt be a significant factor.. team depth in the position, location, coaching staff, teammates, etc would factor in more. Its a bit simplified here but overall the system will allow the expanding league to better place players where they can thrive thus expanding the overall talent level and continuing their quest for parity.

    • I don’t agree that the CHL players agreement will be changed or in fact should be changed. This is a very cheap feeder system for the NHL thst the owners have. There is a responsibility to the Junior League to support it and supply them with their star players. Without these players returning to their junior clubs the quality of junior hockey declines as does the attendance ,as does profitability.

      • Yet more and more talent is coming from NCAA and Europe. They don’t need propped up the same way. If the junior system can’t sustain itself then let it collapse… other avenues will fill the gap. Its embarrassing that young men capable of earning a good living playing professionally are forced to play for peanuts to prop up an unsustainable league.

      • I’m waiting for the first lawyer to convince an 18 or 19-year-old draftee, who could be taking home pay in the upper thousands in the AHL and is deemed good enough to play there, that he wants to test the CHL-NHL “agreement” in court which required them to play out their junior string for coffee money and change.

        Since, as everyone reminds us at every opportunity, professional sports is just another form of business, denying someone the chance to start earning a living in sports at 18/19 – even though they could be working anywhere else in the business world or in the military – I seriously doubt that “agreement” would stand a legal text.

      • one could argue that ncaa should be held to a standard as far as pay goes but those players can go professional if they are good enough whenever they want.

  3. I’m hope for purely shellfish reason they shut it down for a year. I seem to lack control each Fall when I buy season tickets yet again. Thks Don and Gary

    • I’m with you; having Wild season tickets since 2000 and 2020-21 could be my last. I have zero interest in doing this lockout/strike again. What that means is not having season tickets, no money spent on merchandise and no Center Ice Package.

      I will not be poked in the eye again.

      • All pro sports exists – and pays out those idiotic salaries – on the knowledge that the “fan” absolutely MUST have his/her “fix” – whether in the stands/arenas or keeping those TV networks covering the NBA, NFL and MLB at the top of the ratings lists by devotedly tuning in every game they can, including purchasing special cable offers.

        If, by some miracle, they kept their butts out of the seats or cancelled all those TV packages, all of pro sports would come crashing back to earth in a hurry.

        Of course, IF my uncle had different equipment he’d be my aunt.